On the Necessity of Turning Oneself into a Character
December 20, 2010 § 4 Comments
In personal essays, nothing is more commonly met than the letter I. I think it a perfectly good word, one no writer should be ashamed to use. Especially is first person legitimate for this form, so drawn to the particulars of character and voice. The problem with “I” is not that it is in bad taste, but that fledgling personal essayists may think they’ve said or conveyed more than they actually have with that one syllable. In their minds, that “I” is swarming with background and a lush, sticky past, and an almost too fatal specificity, whereas the reader, encountering it for the first time in a new piece, sees only a slender telephone pole standing in the sentence, trying to catch a few signals to send on. In truth, even the barest “I” holds a whisper of promised engagement, and can suggest a caress in the midst of more stolid language. What it doesn’t do, however, is give us a clear picture of who is speaking.
To do that, the writer needs to build herself into a character. And I use the word character much the same way the fiction writer does. E.M. Forster, in Aspects of the Novel, drew a famous distinction between “flat” and “round” characters — between those fictional personages seen from the outside who acted with the predictable consistency of caricatures, and those whose complexities or teeming inner lives we came to know. But whether the writer chooses to present characters as flat or round, or a combination, the people on the page — it scarcely matters whether they appear in fiction or nonfiction — will need to become knowable enough in their broad outlines to behave “believably,” at the same time as free willed enough to intrigue us with surprises. The art of characterization comes down to establishing a pattern of habits and actions for the person you are writing about and introducing variations into the system. In this respect, building a character is a pedagogic model, because you are teaching the reader what to expect.
- Excerpted from Contemporary Creative Nonfiction: I & Eye, Shreve and Nguyen